What is diabetes?

There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. They are different conditions, caused by different things, but they are both serious and need to be treated and managed properly.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that plays a very important role in our bodies. After we eat, we begin to digest carbohydrates, breaking them down into glucose.

The insulin released by the pancreas moves glucose into our cells, where it is used as fuel for energy. It may help to understand that insulin is often described as a key, which open the doors to the cells, allowing glucose to enter.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells, meaning no insulin is produced. This causes glucose to quickly rise in the blood.

Nobody knows exactly why this happens, but science tells us it’s got nothing to do with diet or lifestyle.

About 10 per cent of people with diabetes have Type 1.

Type 2 diabetes

In Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough insulin, or the insulin it makes does not work properly, meaning glucose builds up in the blood.

Type 2 diabetes is caused by a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Up to 58 per cent of Type 2 diabetes cases can be delayed or prevented through a healthy lifestyle.

About 90 per cent of people with diabetes have Type 2.

Our plans for diabetes

Our plans for diabetes services focus on two areas; creating new models of care and our Bradford Beating Diabetes programme.

New model of care

Creating new models of care is an NHS England scheme. The scheme calls on health leaders to redesign care so it is sustainable and better able to meet the needs of our patient population. As diabetes is a priority area for our CCG, we have focused efforts on developing an end-to-end pathway, from the prevention of Type 2 diabetes to the improved management of people with diabetes.

Our model of care for diabetes looks at a number of different areas, covering adults and children, these include:

  • identifying those at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes 
  • helping those people who are at risk, prevent the onset of Type 2 diabetes
  • educating those with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes on how to better manage the condition
  • reducing the number of complications associated with both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
  • focus on self-care. 

Bradford beating diabetes

NEW BBD logo 1Our Bradford Beating Diabetes programme focuses on making our population aware of the condition by highlighting the signs, symptoms and risks of Type 2 diabetes. It supports people to make lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of developing the condition and be in control and healthy. 

In our CCG there are more than 21,000 diabetic patients registered with primary care services. Every year, a person diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes will typically spend over 8,500 hours managing their own condition alongside 3 hours input from a health professional. The Bradford Beating Diabetes programme is centred on prevention and education on self-care and management of the condition so that we reduce the number of people diagnosed with the condition.

Bradford Beating Diabetes was chosen as one of the national demonstrator sites for the NHS England Healthier You: NHS diabetes prevention programme. The programme was chosen as a national demonstrator site due to it's innovative approach to delivery and the aim to get the best outcomes for patients.